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Chef Alain Ducasse Puts Nature at the Center of His Cuisine

Articles

Chef Alain Ducasse Puts Nature at the Center of His Cuisine

J.H. White

Sitting in Jardin de la Reine at Versailles Palace where he picks his ingredients, Alain Ducasse is as meticulous sourcing food as he is preparing it. Photography by Guillaume Czerw

Sitting in Jardin de la Reine at Versailles Palace where he picks his ingredients, Alain Ducasse is as meticulous sourcing food as he is preparing it. Photography by Guillaume Czerw

The warm midday sun pours through, dancing off grand chandeliers, soaking into bare wooden tables. Missing tablecloths are not missed but instead enhance — a lifting of life’s modern veil to help us taste what’s truly important…

“We need to reconnect with nature,” declares legendary French chef and restaurateur Alain Ducasse. “Consumers — and citizens as well — throughout the world have to understand that the resources of the planet are not endless. For us cooks, we must put nature at the center of our cuisine.”

With this virtuous heart, Ducasse decided to take significant culinary risks in 2014 with a new menu at Plaza Athénée Hotel in Paris. To start, he removed the French staples of meat, cheese and bread, calling it “Cuisine de la Naturalité” — Cuisine of Naturalness. 
“I’m detail-obsessed,” says Ducasse. With “Cuisine de la Naturalité,” he desires “to make dishes that are evident, just right in their seasoning, their temperature — the harmony between content and container.” 

His perfectionism plainly plays out with the menu’s three simple yet specifically sourced types of food: organic vegetables from Jardin de la Reine at Versailles Palace, organic grains hand-picked from small producers, and fish only captured using sustainable traditional line and hook.
“This cuisine is better for the planet and our health,” he notes. “The pleasure is what you came to savour, what you came to eat, what you came to drink, on a simple wooden table, for delicious moments.” 

Ducasse and his chef Romain Meder at Plaza Athénée Hotel in Paris redefine popular belief of what is French cuisine. Photography by Pierre Monetta

Ducasse and his chef Romain Meder at Plaza Athénée Hotel in Paris redefine popular belief of what is French cuisine. Photography by Pierre Monetta

Sprouting up

Considered the chef of chefs, Ducasse is the holder of 21 Michelin stars and the first restaurateur to own three restaurants that each have the top rating of three Michelin stars. Though his dishes beguile foodies from Paris to Saint-Tropez, London, Monte-Carlo and Hong Kong, his journey began far from city lights. 

“Becoming a chef was a very early call. I was born on a farm in the southwest of France. My grandmother used to cook for the family. I can still remember the taste and flavor of the roast chicken she prepared for Sunday lunches.” To help her, Ducasse would pick ripe vegetables in the kitchen garden, cultivating a mindset and skill that would pay off later. “This experience taught me a very important lesson: before cooking, there is nature.” 

“A cook is an intermediary between nature and the eaters,” explains Ducasse. “The role of the cook is to choose the best possible produce, to prepare it with a lot of respect and bring their authentic tastes to the plate.” 

While Ducasse was born with creativity you can’t teach, master chefs like Roger Verge and Alain Chapel helped shape his craft. Chapel always reminded him, “cooking is much more than recipes.” Years later, he realizes, “this is very true: cooking conjures up an entire vision of life.” And nothing could be more true with the art of fine French cuisine.

Ducasse enjoys creating the perfect ambiance as much as doctoring dishes, as can be seen here in the subtle simple elegance of the Plaza Athénée Hotel. Photography by Pierre Monetta

Ducasse enjoys creating the perfect ambiance as much as doctoring dishes, as can be seen here in the subtle simple elegance of the Plaza Athénée Hotel. Photography by Pierre Monetta

French formula

A master chef must master boiling, steaming, roasting, sauteing, simmering and braising, often blending these methods within the same recipe. “The techniques give French cuisine its complexity yet also its subtlety,” says Ducasse. 

Secondly, savoury sauces characterize French cuisine. With time, they’ve become lighter and lighter, until now, where they’re simply just concentrated juices. The structure of the multi-course meal, a well-matched wine and casual hobnobbing also play a vital part.

As Ducasse mastered his art, he received his first two Michelin stars. But with these initial tastes of success came something unexpected and more grueling than few can ever understand. 

Resurrection 

Ducasse’s signature dish, the cookpot, is the quintessential example of his philosophy, “Glocal: a local execution of a global concept.” Photography by T.Duval

Ducasse’s signature dish, the cookpot, is the quintessential example of his philosophy, “Glocal: a local execution of a global concept.” Photography by T.Duval

In 1984, a 27-year-old Ducasse was flying over the Alps with his staff when the Learjet crashed into a mountain. Thrown from the plane, Ducasse laid wide awake in the snow until a rescue team arrived six hours later. No one else survived. 

It took 15 operations on his back, legs and eyes, plus another three years before he could walk again unaided. But while sentenced to his bed, he conjured up new recipes and menus. 

“During my convalescence, I deeply reflected about how to keep cooking without needing to be present in the kitchen,” says Ducasse. “This helped me reconsider my trade.”

Haute cuisine

Today, Ducasse’s vision is global, and each of his 24 delectable restaurants is a “genuine creation,” he declares. “I don’t duplicate.”

Ducasse’s obsessive creativity extends past the kitchen, as he perfects elements such as lighting and decor. “I feel like an art director, as I devote as much time creating the ambiance of the venue as I do the menu. And I spend as much energy making sure the restaurants evolve as I do launching them.”

Much of his success comes from attention to the delicate details of the customers’ lifestyle. “I love to deal with cultural differences! Most of them relate to local eating habits. For instance, Americans tend to expect larger portions. Asians prefer fish cooked for a shorter time. However, the pleasure of eating remains universal.”

Cooking up an award-winning menu is as exciting for Ducasse as it time-consuming. It can take up to 18 months, during which time he sources food locally to ensure only the purest ingredients, and he studies his surroundings. He wants to elevate his patrons’ lives here and now, paying special heed to intangible qualities like “the spirit of the venue, the way that people live, what they like, and the vibrations of the urban neighborhood.” 

A sage is a rare individual who can harmonize opposites, keeping an eye on infinite detail and grand horizons at the same time. As Ducasse experimented with the cookpot, a casserole of local and seasonal slowly simmered vegetables, a philosophy emerged that displays his life’s legacy. “Glocal: a local execution of a global concept. The components vary according to the place and season, yet the structure of the dish remains unchanged.” Intimately personal yet universal, innovative yet traditional. As he guides us back to our nature, it’s unmistakable that Ducasse’s uncommon craft is the gift of a guru.